4363 entries. 93 themes. Last updated March 2, 2015.

Timeline Outline ViewEra: 1550 - 1600   |   Theme: All Themes


Circa 1550A Sixfold Dos-à-Dos Binding from the Sixteenth Century 1552
A page of the Libellus de Medicinalibus Indorum Herbis, an Aztec herbal composed in 1552 by Martin de la Cruz and translated into Latin by Juan Badianus, illustrating the tlahcolteocacatl, tlayapaloni, axocotl, and chicomacatl plants, which were used to make a
Aztec Medical Botany and Psychoactive Plants
Engraved portrait of Michael Servetus.
Medical Discovery, Heresy, and Martyrdom
Table of reciprocal alphabet from a 1555 book by Giovan Battista Bellaso.
The First "Unbreakable" Text Autokey Cipher
1554The Inquistion Publishes its First List of Censored Works Circa 1555
Portrait of Prince-elector Otto Henry by Georg Pencz, 1530-1545. The painting now resides in St. Petersburg. 
Establishment of the Bibliotheca Palatina
Engraved portrait of Hernan Cortes by W. Holl and published by Charles Knight.
The First Treatise on Mathematics Published in the Western Hemisphere and the First Textbook on Any Subject Besides Religion Printed Outside of Europe
1556The First Great Original Spanish Medical Book, Illustrated and Printed in Rome 1556The Most Famous Classic on Mining and Metallurgy 1556Ulisse Aldrovandi's Guide to Ancient Statuary in Rome 1557The First Book Printed in Civilité Types 1557
Engraved portrait of Hubert Golzius by Simon Frisius c. 1610.
Probably the First Book Extensively Illustrated with Chiaroscuro Woodcuts
May 4, 1557Concentrating the Entire Printing Business in the Members of the Stationers Company 1558
A portrait of Albreccht V, Duke of Bavaria by Hans Mielich, 16th century.
Origins of the Bayerische Staatsbibliothek
1558Self-Portrait of Simon Bening, One of the Greatest Manuscript Illuminators of the Sixteenth Century 1559Index Librorum Prohibitorum 1559Who Discovered the Pulmonary Circulation? 1560Cousin's "Livre de perspective" 1560 – 1581Construction of the Ufizzi 1560 – 1578Foundation of the First Scientific Society in the Renaissance 1560Florian Trefler Builds upon Gessner's Library Classifcation Scheme 1561The Earliest Effort to Systematize Botanical Description; Discovery of Sulfuric Ether 1561The Fallopian Tubes and Numerous Other Anatomical Discoveries July 2, 1561 – April 10, 1563The Earliest Surviving Books Printed in India from Movable Type 1562The First Bio-Bibliography: A Study of Galen's Writings July 12, 1562Destruction of the Maya Codices 1563The Eustachian Tube and Many Other Discoveries 1563In an Expose of the Witchcraft Delusion, One of the First Scientific Approaches to the Study of Mental Illness 1563The First Known Digraphic Substitution Cypher September 10, 1563It is Forbidden for any French Printer to Print without Permission, under Penalty of being Hanged or Strangled 1564The First Catalogue of the Frankfurt Book Fair 1564The First Dated Book Printed in Russia Circa 1565A Working Sixteenth Century Automaton of a Monk 1565The First Treatise on Museums 1566Surrealist Portrait of the Librarian 1567The First Book Printed in a Goidelic Language 1567The Earliest Description of the Printing Process 1568The First Major Antiquarian Book Collection Assembled in England 1568Images of Trades and Technologies 1568Renaissance Goldsmithing and Sculpting 1569 – 1570The First Extended Series of Prints Attempting to Depict Great Events of the Recent Past 1569 – 1570The First Critically Assembled Collection and Edition of Ancient Portraiture 1570The First Medical Book Printed in the Western Hemisphere with the Earliest Illustrations of Plants Printed in the Western Hemisphere 1570One of the Earliest Pop-Up Books 1571Opening of the Biblioteca Medicea Laurenziana 1572Possibly the First Printed Catalogue of Any Library 1572 – 1573One of the First Physicians to Draw the Illustrations for his Own Publications 1574Book Collector Matthew Parker Donates his Library 1575The First Printed Catalogue of a Portion of a Public Library 1575The First Published Reference to Cave Art 1575 – 1578Discovering the Autograph Manuscript of an Elizabethan Book on Military Inventions and Naval Tactics 1577The First Book Printed in the Middle East 1579Classic of Mathematics and Typography July 12, 1580 – August 12, 1581First Complete Slavic Bible February 24, 1582The Gregorian Calendar 1583 – 1584The First Book Written by a European Printed in China 1584The Medici Press 1584de la Croix du Maine Issues the First French National Bibliography 1584Cats Carrying Incendiary Devices in Warfare? Circa 1585 – 1616
Historia general del Piru
1586The Vigenere Cipher June 23, 1586Consolidating and Amplifying the Regulation of Printing in England Circa 1587Design and Construction of the Vatican Library 1587 – 1592Probably the Earliest Book with Illustrations by a Woman Artist 1588Renaissance Information Retrieval Device 1588 – 1631Perhaps the Most Important Private Collection of Manuscripts Ever Collected in England 1588
Pages from Orchésographie.
Early Dance Notation
1589Invention of the Stocking Frame Knitting Machine 1590Moving the Obelisk 1590The First Systematic Medical Bibliography 1591 – 1600The Earliest Work on Symbolic Algebra: A Tale of Two Printings 1591The First Medical Subject Bibliography Circa 1591 – 1596The Only Manuscript Pages Thought to be in the Hand of William Shakespeare 1592 – 1593The Beginning of the Collection of Medical Statistics 1595The First Published Catalogue of any Institutional Library 1595The First "Books in Print" 1597 – 1606Galileo's Compasso & The First "Computer Manual" 1598The Oldest Surviving Work of Japanese Printing by Movable Type 1598Model for Subject Bibliographies 1598
Detail of head of horse from page of the Dell'anotomia [sic], et dell'infirmita del cavallo.  Click on link below to view and resize full image.
The First Book Devoted Exclusively to the Structure of an Animal Other than Man
July 6, 1599The Earliest Surviving Catalogue of a Book Auction Circa 1600
Japanese soroban abacus 1x5 from Meiji period (1868-1912).
The Japanese Adopt the Abacus, Calling it the Soroban
1600 – 1700English Book Owners in the 17th Century. A Work in Progress Listing by David Pearson 1600About 350,000 Separate Titles Were Printed by 1600