4485 entries. 93 themes. Last updated October 28, 2014.

Timeline Outline ViewEra: 1950 - 1960   |   Theme: All Themes


1950Alan Turing Describes The Turing Test 1950The First Weather Forecast by Electronic Computer 1950The First Textbook on How to Build an Electronic Computer 1950 – 1951The First Treatise on Software for an Operational Stored-Program Computer 1950Compiling a Bibliography by Electric Punched Card Tabulating 1950The Hamming Codes 195011,638 New Books Are Published in the U.K. 1950The Whirlwind is in Limited Operation 1950After 1954 More News Was Distributed Electronically than on Paper 1950 – 1954The First Supercomputer 1950The Bic Pen 1950Archival Records Include "Machine-Readable Materials" 1950Coining the Expression, Information Retrieval 1950Schmieder's Bach-Werke-Verzeichnis 1950 – 1953The Earliest Pioneer in Electronic Art 1950"Chargaff's Rules" 1950"Newspaper Story": a Film About Newspaper Production January 23, 1950"Can Man Build a Superman?" February 1950
Early Diners' Club card.
The First Credit Card
February 6, 1950Eckert-Mauchly is Sold to Remington Rand March 1950The First Technical Paper on Computer Chess May – November 1950Simon, the First Personal Computer November 6, 1950 – 1951The First Russian Stored-Program Computer 1951 – January 7, 1954The First Public Demonstration of Machine Translation 1951IBM's First Electronic Computer, the 701, is Designed 1951The First OCR System: "GISMO" 1951Applying New Technology to the Searching and Storage of Information 1951The Coordinate and Uniterm Indexing Systems 1951 – 1968Bishop Fulton J. Sheen, Pioneer Televangelist 1951The First Use of Magnetic Tape for Data Storage 1951"The First of the True Robots" 1951Miller's "Language and Communication" 1951Information Retrieval vs. Information Warehousing 1951The "DOKEN" (Documentary Engine): a Hypothetical Machine to Search the World's Literature January 8 – January 13, 1951Calculating Machines and Human Thought February 1951Ferranti Mark I February – October 1951One of the Earliest Computer Games February 16, 1951The Origins of NORAD February 28, 1951The First Discovery of a Helical Structure for a Protein March 3 – March 5, 1951The First Rock and Roll Recording, Named After First American Muscle Car? March 31 – June 14, 1951The First Electronic Computer Commercially Manufactured in the United States April 20, 1951The First Graphical Display for a Computer May 5, 1951NIMROD: The First Special Purpose Digital Computer Designed to Play a Game June 25, 1951The First Commercial Color Television Broadcast in the United States July 9 – July 12, 1951Maurice Wilkes Introduces Microprogamming July 9 – July 12, 1951The First Computer Salesman in England July 9 – July 12, 1951The First Application of an Electronic Computer to Molecular or Structural Biology August 7 – August 9, 1951The First Demonstration of Computer Music August 17, 1951The First Telephone Call Transmitted by Microwave September 4, 1951President Truman Makes the First Transcontinental Television Broadcast Circa November 1951The Second Oldest Known Recordings of Computer Music November 17, 1951First Stored-Program Computer to Run Business Programs on a Routine Basis November 18, 1951Edward R. Murrow Demonstrates the First Live Coast-to-Coast Simultaneous TV Transmission 1952Once Finally Operational, the EDVAC is Obsolete 1952Vaccuum Tubes Especially Designed for Digital Circuits 1952Magnetic Core Memory Replaces Electrostatic Memory on the Whirlwind 1952The First Electronic Computer Produced in France: Not a Stored-Program Computer 1952The First Graphical Computer Game 1952The First Compiler 1952"The Education of a Computer" 1952National Educational Television is Founded 1952 – 1953The First Trackball 1952Probably the Best "Book Store" Film Noir 1952The First Compiled Programming Language 1952The First Programmed Chess Game, Played Using a Human Computer 1952The Hershey-Chase "Waring Blender Experiment" January 1952Possibly the First Artificial Self-Learning Machine February 1952A First Step by Crick & Watson on the Road to the Discovery of the Double Helix April 30 – May 2, 1952First West Coast Computer Meeting May 2 – May 6, 1952Rosalind Franklin's Photo #51 of Crystalline DNA June 10, 1952The IAS Machine is Fully Operational June 24 – June 27, 1952Applying Computer Methods to Library Cataloguing and Research June 27, 1952"A Sound of Thunder": Famous Science Fiction Story; Dubious Film September 1952The First Electronic Computer in Germany September 8 – September 10, 1952The First Electronic Computer in Canada October 1952The First Journal on Electronic Computing October 24, 1952UNIVAC Short Code II November 4, 1952UNIVAC Predicts the Election of Dwight D. Eisenhower November 4, 1952The National Security Agency is Founded December 1952IBM Produces an "Electronic Data Processing Machine" 1953 – 1968The First Widely Read English Book on Electronic Computing 1953Invention of the MASER 1953 – 1954The Idea of a Genetic Code 1953 – November 2011"Fahrenheit 451" 1953The Beginning of Positron Emission Tomography (PET) 1953 – 1957Probably the First Computer-Controlled Aesthetic System 1953The IBM 650: The First Mass-Produced Computer February 1953To What Extent Can Human Mental Processes be Duplicated by Switching Circuits? March 9, 1953"Once the government can demand of a publisher the names of the purchasers of his publications, the free press as we know it disappears." March 27, 1953IBM Installs its First Stored Program Electronic Computer, the 701, but They Don't Call it a Computer April 25, 1953Discovery of The Double Helix May 30, 1953Proposal of a Method of DNA's Method of Replication June 1953The First Report on the Application of Electronic Computers to Business September 1953IBM 702 October 29, 1953The Beginning of Medical Ultrasonography November 1953The First Transistor Computer 1954The Deuce Computer (After the Pilot ACE, of Course) 1954Early Library Information Retrieval System 1954Coining the Phrase "Social Network" 1954First Computer to Incorporate Indexing & Floating Point Arithmetic 1954The First Stored-Program Computer Sold to a Non-Governmental Customer in the U.S. 1954The First High-Level Algebraic Language 1954 – 1963The First Light Pen 1954 – 1960Probably the First Widely-Accepted Controlled Vocabulary 1954Publication of Chartae Latinae Antiquiores Begins 1954 – 1961The First Industrial Robot January 1954Journal of the ACM January 1, 1954The First National Color Television Broadcast in the United Sates January 22, 1954The FCC Approves the RCA System of Color Television Broadcasting in the United States March 24, 1954RCA Begins Manufacturing Color Televisions May 10, 1954Texas Instruments Manufactures the First Silicon Transistor May 13 – May 14, 1954Grace Hopper Organizes the First Symposium on Software June 7, 1954Alan Turing Dies October 1954The First Use of a Computer to Write Literary Texts November 1954The First Commercial Transistor Radio: The First Widely Sold Tranistorized Product December 1954The First Routine Real-Time Numerical Weather Forecasting December 12 – December 14, 1954One of the Earliest Surviving British Television Dramas 1955Magnetic Core Storage Units 1955The First Amino Acid Sequence of a Protein 1955The First Stored-Program Computer Produced for Sale in France 1955Machine Methods for Information Searching 1955 – September 25, 1956The First Transatlantic Telephone Cable is Operational 1955 – July 1956The First Artificial Intelligence Program 1955The Courier Monospaced Typeface Debuts 1955 – 1962The Sensorama: One of the First Functioning Efforts in Virtual Reality 1955The First Independent Software Company 1955Pioneer Program in Pattern Recognition 1955The First Book on Machine Translation March 1955 – December 1956"The Design of Machines to Simulate the Behavior of the Human Brain" April 1955 – December 1957The First Solid State Computer April 15, 1955 – 1956"The Magical Number Seven, Plus or Minus Two. . . " July 15, 1955The Foundation of Citation Analysis August 31, 1955Coining the Term, Artificial Intelligence September 1955The Beginning of Computerization of Banking October 1955The First Full-Scale Programmable Japanese Computer October 2, 1955The ENIAC is Retired November 1955One of the First Fictional Depictions of Autonomous Machine Self-Replication 1956 – January 1958The Origins of The Term "Software" Within the Context of Computing 1956The First Video Tape Recorder 1956Intelligence Amplification by Machines 1956 – 1964Changes in Tissue Density Can be Computed 1956Proving the Feasibility of Weather Prediction by Numerical Process 1956Standing up to Censorship and McCarthyism During the "Second Red Scare" 1956"Nineteen Eighty-Four" Filmed Circa 1956The First Sample-Playback Keyboard 1956Semantic Networks for Machine Translation 1956The First Step Toward Automation of Logic Minimalization 1956Television: A Retrospective in 1956 from the RCA / NBC Viewpoint March 1956The First Japanese Stored-Program Computer June 26 – June 29, 1956First International Congress on Cybernetics July 1956The First Demonstration of Magnetic Ink Character Reading August 21, 1956Sperry Rand Cross-Licenses Patents with IBM September 1956Chomsky's Hierarchy of Syntactic Forms September 4 – September 13, 1956The First Commercial Computer Designed to Use a Moving Head Hard Drive for Secondary Storage September 14, 1956The First Computer with a Hard Drive: $10,000 per Megabyte October 17 – October 18, 1956First Computer Conference in Italy November 1956First Japanese Conference on Electronic Computers 1957IBM Phases Out Vacuum Tubes 1957Control Unit Based on Microprogramming 1957Physically the Largest Computers Ever Built 1957Mechanized Encoding of Library Information 1957So-Called Second Generation of Computers 1957The First English-Language Data-Processing Compiler 1957FORTRAN: The First Widely Used First High-Level Programming Language 1957The First Significant Computer Music Composition 1957Beginning of Doppler Ultrasound 1957Satirizing the Role of Automation in Eliminating Jobs, and Librarians 1957The First Paper on Machine Learning 1957Invention of the Image Scanner; Creation of the First Digital Image 1957The Helvetica Typeface Debuts Under a Different Name 1957Chomsky's Syntactic Structures 1957There are Forty Computers on American University Campuses 1957The First Computerized Concordance of the Bible 1957The First Computer Widely Used Program for Sound Generation February 8, 1957The Premature Death of John von Neumann September 1957Crick's "On Protein Synthesis" October 4, 1957 – 1960The First Operational Satellite Navigation System October 4, 1957Sputnik is Launched December 1, 1957 – January 1959Invention of the "Planar" Manufacturing Process 1958 – 1960The First Solution of the Three-Dimensional Molecular Structure of a Protein 1958Von Neumann's "The Computer and the Brain" 1958First Commercial Electronic Computer Produced in Germany 1958The First Transistorized Supercomputer 1958The First Video Game: "Tennis for Two" 1958The IBM 1401, a Relatively Inexpensive Computer 1958Automatic Document Indexing Program 1958An Improved Modem 1958Semi Automatic Ground Environment (SAGE) Circa 1958Longevity of Paper is a Function of its Acidity or Alkalinity 1958The First Obstetrical or Gynecological Sonograms 1958
Title sequence from Vertigo; titles designed by Saul Bass; spirographic images contributed by John Whitney.
Animated Title Sequence by Electromechanical Analog Computer
1958A Model for Learning and Adaptation to a Complex Environment 1958First Proof of the Semiconservative Replication of DNA January 31, 1958The U.S. Launches Explorer-1 February 7, 1958ARPA is Founded July 1958Kilby Conceives of the Integrated Circuit July 19, 1958The Burroughs Atlas Guidance Computer July 29 – October 1, 1958NASA is Founded September 1958
BankAmerica card.
BankAmericard is Launched
October 1958Game Tree Pruning October 1, 1958The American Express Card November 1958 – 1960The Perceptron November 1958Keyword in Context (KWIC) Indexing November 24 – November 27, 1958The First International Symposium on Artificial Intelligence December 19, 1958The First Voice Transmission from the First Communications Satellite 1959ERMA and MICR 1959The First Practical Monolithic Integrated Circuit Concept 1959The TX-2 Computer for the Study of Human-Computer Interaction 1959The Complicated Discovery of the LASER 1959The Nautical Almanac is Finally Produced by an Electronic Computer 1959First Book on Computer Music 1959 – 1960The U.S. Banking Industry Adopts Magnetic Ink Character Recognition 1959 – 1972The Most Voluminous Printed Catalogue of a Single Library 1959Auto-Encoding of Documents for Information Retrieval 1959Human Versus Machine Intelligence and Communication (1959) 1959Origins of Corpus Linguistics 1959The First "Large Scale" Application of Humanities Computing in the U. S. 1959The First Digital Poetry 1959The First Computer Computer Matching Dating Service 1959 – 1961One of the First Computer Models of How People Learn 1959The First Computerized Literary Concordance May 28 – May 29, 1959COBOL June 1959The First Formal Definition of Hacker June 1959 – May 1972The Corona Strategic Imaging Satellites July 1959Machines Can Learn from Past Errors July 3, 1959The Beginning of Expert Systems for Medical Diagnosis August 14, 1959The First Photographs of Earth from an Orbiting Satellite September 16, 1959
Xerox 914.
The Xerox 914
December 1959The PDP-1: Programmed Data Processor, Not Called a Computer 1960Reflecting the Obsolescence of Mathematical Tables, The First Journal on Computing Changes its Name 1960John Horty Pioneers Computer-Assisted Legal Research 1960The First Commercially Available General Purpose Computer with Transistor Logic 1960The Monotype Monomatic Hot Type Machine is Introduced 1960
William A Fetter: while working for Boeing, made the first computer model of the human body (
William Fetter Coins the Term "Computer Graphics"
19606000 Computers are Operational in the U.S., Out of 10,000 Worldwide 1960 – December 9, 2013Greatbatch, Chardack & Gage Implant the First Self-Contained Internally Powered Artificial Pacemaker in a Human 1960John McCarthy Intoduces LISP, The Language of Choice for Artificial Intelligence 1960A Humorous Film on Computing Produced by Remington Rand UNIVAC 1960PLATO 1: The First Electronic Learning System 1960 – November 20, 1968"Prater-Wei," The First Software Patent 1960Theodore Maiman Invents the First Working Laser Circa 1960The Johns Hopkins Beast 1960The First and Only Use of Smell-O-Vision March 1960Licklider Describes "Man-Computer Symbiosis" April 1960The First Published Report on COBOL April 1, 1960The TIROS 1 Satellite Transmits the First Television Picture from Space September 13 – September 15, 1960The First Symposium on Bionics September 21, 1960The Kennedy-Nixon Presidential Debates: The Beginning of Television's Dominance over Print as a Popular News Medium November 1960Technical Basis for the Development of Phreaking December 1960"Colossal Typewriter" : One of the Earliest Computer Text Editors December 6 – December 7, 1960COBOL Allows Compatibility Between Computers Made by Different Manufacturers